Class: OsCtl::Lib::Zfs::Stream

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Includes:
Utils::Log, Utils::System
Defined in:
lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb

Overview

Control class for ZFS send invocation.

Stream uses the `-v` flag of zfs send to monitor how the transfer progresses. The following output from zfs send is parsed:

send from <snap1> to <snap2> estimated size is <n><unit>
send from <snap2> to <snap3> estimated size is <n><unit>
send from <snap3> to <snap4> estimated size is <n><unit>
...
total estimated size is <n><unit>  # this is the size that is read
TIME        SENT         SNAPSHOT
HH:MM:SS    <n1><unit>   <snap>
HH:MM:SS    <n2><unit>   <snap>
HH:MM:SS    <n3><unit>   <snap>
TIME        SENT         SNAPSHOT
HH:MM:SS    <m1><unit>   <snap>
HH:MM:SS    <m2><unit>   <snap>
HH:MM:SS    <m3><unit>   <snap>
...

A line with column headers separates transfers of snapshots listed at the top. There might not be any transfered data between column headers if the snapshot has zero (or possibly very little) size. Time and snapshot columns are ignored, sent data are expected to increment and reset when the next snapshot is being transfered.

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from Utils::System

#repeat_on_failure, #syscmd, #zfs

Methods included from Utils::Log

included

Constructor Details

#initialize(fs, snapshot, from_snapshot = nil, opts = {}) ⇒ Stream

Returns a new instance of Stream.

Parameters:

  • fs (String)

    filesystem

  • snapshot (String)
  • from_snapshot (String) (defaults to: nil)
  • opts (Hash) (defaults to: {})

Options Hash (opts):

  • :intermediary (Boolean)

    defaults to `true`

  • :compressed (Boolean)

    defaults to `true`

  • :properties (Boolean)

    defaults to `true`

  • :large_block (Boolean)

    defaults to `true`



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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 39

def initialize(fs, snapshot, from_snapshot = nil, opts = {})
  @fs = fs
  @snapshot = snapshot
  @from_snapshot = from_snapshot
  @opts = opts
  @progress = []

  @opts[:intermediary] = true unless @opts.has_key?(:intermediary)
  @opts[:compressed] = true unless @opts.has_key?(:compressed)
  @opts[:properties] = true unless @opts.has_key?(:properties)
  @opts[:large_block] = true unless @opts.has_key?(:large_block)
end

Instance Method Details

#approximate_sizeObject (protected)

Raises:

  • (ArgumentError)


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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 201

def approximate_size
  opts = ['n', 'v']
  opts << 'c' if @opts[:compressed]

  if @from_snapshot
    cmd = zfs(:send, "-#{opts.join} -I @#{@from_snapshot}", "#{path}@#{@snapshot}")

  else
    cmd = zfs(:send, "-#{opts.join}", "#{path}@#{@snapshot}")
  end

  rx = /^total estimated size is ([^$]+)$/
  m = rx.match(cmd.output)

  raise ArgumentError, 'unable to estimate size' if m.nil?

  parse_size(m[1])
end

#full_zfs_send_cmdObject (protected)



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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 262

def full_zfs_send_cmd
  if @from_snapshot
    i = @opts[:intermediary] ? 'I' : 'i'
    "#{zfs_send_cmd} -v -#{i} @#{@from_snapshot} #{path}@#{@snapshot}"
  else
    "#{zfs_send_cmd} -v #{path}@#{@snapshot}"
  end
end

#monitor(send) ⇒ Object

Monitor progress of spawned zfs send, needed only when using #spawn.

Parameters:

  • send (Array)

    the second return value from #spawn



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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 63

def monitor(send)
  pid, err = send

  monitor_progress(err)
  err.close

  Process.wait(pid)
  $?
end

#monitor_progress(io) ⇒ Object (protected)



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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 174

def monitor_progress(io)
  total = 0
  transfered = 0

  io.each_line do |line|
    n = parse_transfered(line)

    if n
      change = transfered == 0 ? n : n - transfered
      transfered = n
      total += change

    else  # Transfer of another snapshot has begun, zfs send is counting from 0
      transfered = 0
      next
    end

    @progress.each do |block|
      block.call(total, transfered, change)
    end
  end
end

#notify_exec(pipeline) ⇒ Object (protected)



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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 279

def notify_exec(pipeline)

end

#parse_size(str) ⇒ Object (protected)



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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 244

def parse_size(str)
  size = str.to_f
  suffix = str.strip[-1]

  if suffix !~ /^\d+$/
    units = %w(B K M G T)

    if i = units.index(suffix)
      i.times { size *= 1024 }

    else
      fail "unsupported suffix '#{suffix}'"
    end
  end

  (size / 1024 / 1024).round
end

#parse_total_size(fd) ⇒ Object (protected)

Reads from fd until total transfer size can be estimated.

Parameters:

  • fd (IO)

    IO object to read



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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 222

def parse_total_size(fd)
  rx = /total estimated size is ([^$]+)$/

  until fd.eof? do
    line = fd.readline

    m = rx.match(line)
    next if m.nil?

    return parse_size(m[1])
  end

  fail 'unable to estimate total transfer size'
end

#parse_transfered(str) ⇒ Object (protected)



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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 237

def parse_transfered(str)
  cols = str.split
  return if /^\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}$/ !~ cols[0].strip

  parse_size(cols[1])
end

#pathString

Returns path.

Returns:

  • (String)

    path



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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 110

def path
  @fs
end

#pipe_cmd(cmd) ⇒ Object (protected)



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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 115

def pipe_cmd(cmd)
  @pipeline = []
  r, w = IO.pipe

  cmd_pid = Process.fork do
    STDIN.reopen(r)
    w.close
    Process.exec(cmd)
  end

  r.close

  zfs_pid, err = zfs_send(w)
  @pipeline << cmd

  w.close

  log(:info, :zfs, @pipeline.join(' | '))
  notify_exec(@pipeline)
  monitor_progress(err)
  err.close

  Process.wait(zfs_pid)
  Process.wait(cmd_pid)
end

#pipe_io(io) ⇒ Object (protected)



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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 141

def pipe_io(io)
  @pipeline = []
  zfs_pid, err = zfs_send(io)

  log(:info, :zfs, @pipeline.join(' | '))
  notify_exec(@pipeline)
  monitor_progress(err)
  err.close

  Process.wait(zfs_pid)
end

#progress {|total, transfered, sent| ... } ⇒ Object

Yield Parameters:

  • total (Integer)

    total number of transfered data

  • transfered (Integer)

    number transfered data of the current snapshot

  • sent (Integer)

    transfered data since the last call



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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 105

def progress(&block)
  @progress << block
end

#send_recv(fs) ⇒ Object

Send stream to a local filesystem.



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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 92

def send_recv(fs)
  pipe_cmd("zfs recv -F #{fs}")
end

#send_to(addr, port: nil, timeout: 900) ⇒ Object

Send stream over a socket.



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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 80

def send_to(addr, port: nil, timeout: 900)
  socat = "socat -u -T #{timeout} 'EXEC:\"#{full_zfs_send_cmd}\"' TCP:#{addr}:#{port}"

  log(:info, :zfs, socat)

  IO.popen("exec #{socat} 2>&1") do |io|
    @size = parse_total_size(io)
    monitor_progress(io)
  end
end

#sizeInteger

Get approximate stream size.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    size in MiB



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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 98

def size
  @size ||= approximate_size
end

#spawnIO

Spawn zfs send and return IO with its standard output

Returns:

  • (IO)


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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 54

def spawn
  r, w = IO.pipe
  pid, err = zfs_send(w)
  w.close
  [r, [pid, err]]
end

#update_transfered(str) ⇒ Object (protected)



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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 197

def update_transfered(str)
  size = update_transfered(str)
end

#write_to(io) ⇒ Object

Write stream to `io`

Parameters:

  • io (IO)

    writable stream



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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 75

def write_to(io)
  zfs_send(io)
end

#zfs_send(stdout) ⇒ Object (protected)



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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 153

def zfs_send(stdout)
  r_err, w_err = IO.pipe
  cmd = full_zfs_send_cmd

  @pipeline << cmd if @pipeline

  pid = Process.fork do
    r_err.close
    STDOUT.reopen(stdout)
    STDERR.reopen(w_err)

    Process.exec(cmd)
  end

  w_err.close

  @size = parse_total_size(r_err)

  [pid, r_err]
end

#zfs_send_cmdObject (protected)



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# File 'lib/libosctl/zfs/stream.rb', line 271

def zfs_send_cmd
  cmd = ['zfs', 'send']
  cmd << '-c' if @opts[:compressed]
  cmd << '-p' if @opts[:properties]
  cmd << '-L' if @opts[:large_block]
  cmd.join(' ')
end